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Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Mahdī (Arabic: محمد بن الحسن المهدي)


Who is the Imam Mahdi in Islam?

The Guided One – Who is Imam Mahdi?
Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Mahdī (Arabic: محمد بن الحسن المهدي) is believed by the Twelver Shia to be the last of the Twelve Imams and the eschatological Mahdi, who will emerge in the end of time to establish peace and justice and redeem Islam.

.. also known as the “Guided One” or “The Awaited One,” is a significant figure in Islamic eschatology, particularly in Shia Islam. He is believed to be the twelfth and final Imam in the line of Imams within Twelver Shia Islam, a branch of Islam that recognizes twelve divinely appointed leaders following the Prophet Muhammad.

  1. Messianic Figure: Imam Mahdi is considered by Shia Muslims to be the messianic figure who will appear at the end of times to restore justice, establish peace, and lead humanity towards righteousness. His coming is seen as a sign of the fulfillment of God’s ultimate plan.
  2. Birth and Disappearance: According to Shia beliefs, Imam Mahdi was born in the year 869 CE but went into occultation (hidden or unseen presence) in the year 874 CE. He is believed to have entered a state of spiritual and physical concealment, awaiting the appointed time for his return.
  3. Return and Leadership: Shia Muslims believe that Imam Mahdi will reappear before the Day of Judgment to lead humanity as a just ruler. His leadership is expected to bring about an era of justice, equity, and spiritual enlightenment.
  4. Universal Justice: One of the core missions of Imam Mahdi is to establish a global reign of justice, ending oppression and tyranny. His arrival is anticipated to result in the eradication of poverty, corruption, and social inequalities.
  5. Major Sign of the Day of Judgment: Imam Mahdi’s appearance is considered a major sign of the approaching Day of Judgment in Islamic eschatology. His leadership is expected to be a precursor to other significant events leading to the end times.
  6. Prophet Jesus (Isa) in Islamic Eschatology: According to some Islamic traditions, Imam Mahdi will be joined by Prophet Jesus (Isa) upon his return. They are believed to work together to spread righteousness and establish divine rule.
  7. Patience and Piety: While awaiting his reappearance, Shia Muslims are encouraged to exhibit patience, piety, and devotion to their faith. The concept of awaiting the Imam’s return teaches believers to remain steadfast and prepared for his leadership.
  8. Prayers and Devotion: Many Shia Muslims include prayers and supplications seeking the assistance and guidance of Imam Mahdi in their daily worship.

It’s important to note that beliefs about Imam Mahdi vary among different Islamic sects, and not all Muslims share the same views about his role and significance. In Sunni Islam, while there is belief in the return of Jesus (Isa) before the Day of Judgment, the concept of Imam Mahdi as a distinct figure is not as prominent as it is in Shia beliefs.

As with any religious figure or concept, interpretations and beliefs may differ among individuals and communities. Imam Mahdi holds a special place in the hearts and beliefs of Shia Muslims, and his eventual return is eagerly awaited by those who hold this faith.

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